Thursday, June 28, 2012

රිවිර 2009/08/02

t¨ãp‰ {ƒp‰»~ˆ {¥h {£~x  Y»…‰ Sp‰´x£»N »p£»N pK »{p »Y£»ƒ‰n?
r‹rˆry{£ á[¥»J Üð 1889 µ ƒv¨ {« v¯ã [z‰ Yyk©, |²£{~ˆÜ»xˆ »Fl{px r«c£ Ãúv u£y¦l‰ Y¥fxvÃ
v¦lY£zšp{ |£~ˆÝ²x Yfx¨lª{zf Rû»lp‰ WYlª {« WY‰ v£l¯Y£{Y‰ {«»xˆ t¨ãp‰{ƒp‰»~ˆ z¹Y£»N Url zt£ z¹Y£»N Ì{l‰ {« t{x‹. »K ~Ktp‰o{ z‹x{§j© [²p‰mxY‰ r‹fþvl‰ ~v[ {h£l‰ ýévl‰ »z~ t¨ãp‰ {ƒp‰»~ˆ»[‰ »W܃£~‹Y t{ ~p£m Y… x¨lª ýx. t¨ãp‰ {ƒp‰»~ˆ»[‰ Ìýl»xˆ {~y 80Y‰ {« Y£z ~šv£{ lª… Up‰{ƒp‰»~ˆ Sp‰´x£»N vo³ r±»nŠ|»xp‰ »vr‹f Rh¨ ly»K r¥ñj »ƒ£‰ »p£v¥Ü t{ lƒ{§y¥ {p Yy¥j© ܲr‹fY»xˆ R¥Ü lyK Üt¨Ú. pv¨l‰ xfl‰ ýËl x¨[»xˆ ú~ˆ »Hý~ˆ {¥ë tfƒŒy ýnŠ{lªp‰»[‰ vlx {«»xˆ ‘t¨nŠo’ xp ~¹Yz‰ršx r§nŠ[zxYª ñ~ ~¥t¦ S܃£~ aùlxY‰ »p£{p t{x‹. »K ~‹xû vl »{p~ˆ Y… r§y£ýn³£l‰vY Rp£{yjx ÃúK ~v[ t¨ãp‰ {ƒp‰»~ˆ »W܃£~‹Y r§nŠ[zxYª t{ Rp£{yjx ýx. vƒ£rùëJt£p ~¬l²»xˆ »t°nŠoxYª {¥q r§à [l x¨lª, ~¹»N[x Urn{£[l x¨lª ~ˆm£p ƒlyY‰ nY‰{£ R¥l. A{£ pK, 1. t¨ãp‰ {ƒp‰»~ˆ Url z¥t¬ l¥p (ûKïÚx), 2. t¨nŠol‰{x z¥t¬ l¥p (t¨nŠo[x£{), 3. r±mv oMv »nŠ|p£{ Y… l¥p (~£y£p£l»xˆ S~‹rlpx), 4. rùëM{£jx Y… l¥p (Yª~‹p£y£ p¨{y Ur{l‰lp ~z‰ Uxp) xp ~ˆm£p ~‹xz‰z Sp‰´x£{ lª… r‹ƒŒÑ t{ Rv¨lª»{p‰ Ã{ x¨lª p¥l. pv¨l‰ t¨ãp‰ {ƒp‰»~ˆ»[‰ Ìýlx z¹Y£{f ~Ktp‰o Ãúv ë~£ Yz‰ lt£ t¥~[l‰ ë[vpxp‰»[p‰ t¥ƒ¥y{ »K ~ˆm£p{z r‹ƒŒÒv x…‹l‰ rúY‰}£ Yy t¥zšv {Ò. »K ~Ktp‰o{ Yy¥j© Ur§f£ [¥ìvf p£z‹ì ~¨~‹z£ ´~£p£xY vƒl‰ñx»[‰ ‘nw´{ »t£ã r§nïK - 2007) Y¯Ü u£ýl Y… t{ ~qƒp‰ Yyp¨ {Ò.
1. ûKïÚx
»vv ~ˆm£px x¥x‹ ~¥Y ~ƒŒl l¥pY‰ t¥zšv ~qƒ£ ò.{. 1895 µ R£a£Mx A. Fuherer »p‰r£zxf »[£~ˆ R¥l. Sp‰´x£»N Ul‰lM r±»nŠ|‰ r±£p‰l»xˆ »p‰r£z, Sp‰µx »nŠ|~šv£»{p‰ R¥lª† {p l¥p Sonruli ´~ˆÜ²Y‰Yxx‹. Wl¥p‰ ~‹f Ã.ò. 10Y‰ »p‰r£zx lª…f [vp‰ Y… r~¨ “»»uy{“ ´~ˆÜ²Y‰Y»xˆ ‘y¥Kñp‰»nM’ »z~ »p‰r£zš u£}£»{p‰ áp‰ ƒ¼ãp‰{p [vÃ. R¦l ƒŒv£zx »r»pp ãùp‰ »vx r‹ƒŒf£ R¥l. »vv y¥Kñp‰»nM [Kv£pxf r¥ñÚ
Fuherer vƒl£f {x~ 103Y‰ {« {¥ÕƒŒÑxYª A R~z t¨ãp‰ {ƒp‰»~ˆ Url zn ~ˆm£px R¥Ü t{ ~¥z Yy R¥l. r£z‹ {¹|Yl£ ~ƒ oMv [²p‰m{z ~‹nŠo£Mm »[°lv Urp‰ l¥p “ûKïÚ” pK ~z‰ UxpY‰ »z~ ƒ¼ãp‰{£ R¥l. »vv ûKïÚ {apx |l{M} [jp£{Y‰ »{p~ˆ þ “y¥Kñp‰»nM »z~ ~Y~ˆ{ R¥Ü t{ r…v¨{ r‹…‹[l‰ ýnŠ{lªp‰ »p‰r£z c£ÜY {¥ÕƒŒÑx£ »rp‰{« ~ˆm£px Y¥ÛK Ãúvf »n{p¨{ Ýyjx Y»…‰x. 1896 µ Y… Y¥ÛK{z‹p‰ ~‹xû »np£ ý~ˆvxf rl‰ Yyñp‰ |Œz£ »z‰ZpxY‰ ~ƒŒl R»|£‰Y ~ˆlKuxY‰ ƒv¨ ýx. 1933 µ »Y‰}M [£Ku›M Wv r±»nŠ|»xˆ r§†z‰ Y¥ÛK Yyp zµ. WƒŒµ l{l‰ »[£hp¥[Œz‹ R{»|‰} y£|ŒxY‰ ƒv¨ ýx. R»|£‰Y ~ˆlKu»xˆ Üt¬ »z‰Zpx »v»~ˆx.
“RuŒ»}ˆY Y… ý~‹{~ˆ R¥l‰l£ {« »nýxp‰f r±‹x {« r±‹xnM|› yc§ ý~‹p‰, »vƒŒ |£Y³v¨ë {« u£[³{lªp‰ {ƒp‰»~ˆ Urp‰ »~ˆY¥x‹ lv£ ý~‹p‰v R{§l‰ r«c£ Yyp zµ. »vƒŒ u£[³{lªp‰ {ƒp‰»~ˆ Urp‰ »~ˆY¥x‹ [z‹p‰ Y… ïl‰ÜxY‰ Yy{p zµ. [z‰ Yj©{Y‰ n ~‹f§{p zµ. ûKïÚ [²£vx Rx tnŠ»np‰ ënƒ~ˆ Yyp zµ.”
(»tz‰zp Íjývz ƒŒñ, R»|£‰Y |Œz£»z‰Zp, 63 r‹f§{)
»vv R»|£‰Y |Œz£ »z‰Zp»xˆ r‹ƒŒÑ l¥p |£Y³v¨ë »ƒ{l‰ ~‹nŠo£Mm »[°lv Urp‰ l¥p t{ ë|‰Çl{v r±Y£| Yy R¥l. »vv ûKïÚ [²£vx ƒ£ ܲr‹fY»xˆ ~qƒp‰ ûKïÚx WYv l¥pÃ.
»vv ~fƒp z‹Ål ~£Y‰}‹xY‰ »z~ {h£l‰ ý|‰{~ìxx‹. r§~ˆ»Y£… »r£l‰ »vp‰ {ùp‰{y r‹frl‰ Ãú»K »n£‰} p¥Ü ë~£l‰ t¨nŠo rùëM{£jxf R£~p‰pv Y£zxY z‹x£ R¥Ü ë~£l‰ »vx ~‹ãƒl‰ Url ~‹ã{« l¥p lƒ{§y¥ Yyp r±v£j{l‰ »z‰ZpxÃ. ò.{. 406 µ r£ƒŒxp‰ n, ò.r«. 637 µ ƒŒx¨¹ ~£¹ xp Èp »nŠ|£fYxp‰ n »p‰r£z»xˆ »vv ~ˆm£pxf r¥ñj R¥l. Wà Èp {£Ml£Yy¥{p‰ n {Mlv£p »p‰r£z c£ÜYxp‰ n »K ~Ktp‰o cpr±{£n y£|ŒxY‰ S´ùrl‰ Yyx‹. (p£zì ~¨~‹z£. 248 r‹f§{) »vv ƒ¼ãp£ [¥ìv Sl£ {¥n[l‰ xvY‰ ~qƒ£ UrY£ú »{x‹. WpK ~‹ãƒl‰ Yªvy£ Url z¥t¬ l¥p xK l¥pY‰ »Nn, A R£~p‰p r±»nŠ|xY |£Y³ y£co£ë»xˆ R[p¨{y {« ‘Yr‹z{~ˆlª’ p[yx r‹ƒŒf£ R¥Ü t{x‹.
‡£ƒŒxp‰»[‰ {£Ml£ Rp¨{ pK ûKïÚ»xp‰ zš[ 50Y‰ R¦Üp‰ Yr‹z{~ˆlª{ r‹ƒŒf£ R¥l. {Mlv£p Sp‰´x£»N Ul‰lM r±»nŠ|»xˆ ~‹nŠo£Mm p[M pK ´~ˆÜ²Y‰YxÃ. WƒŒ ´~ˆÜ²Y‰ v¬z~ˆm£p»xˆ ~‹f Ã.ò. 21Y‰ ãùp‰ »t°nŠo pft¨p‰ r‹ú [Œx l¥pÃ. 1971 µ »Y‰.WK. |²›{£~ˆl pK Sp‰µx r§y£ ýnŠ{l£ Wv r±»nŠ|x Y¥ÛK Yyp zµ. WƒŒ {« r‹rˆry£{£ pK r±»nŠ|»xˆ ~ˆm«rxY‰ lª… Üð ý|£z [z‰ »rGÑxY‰ ~ƒ »~z‰v¨{£ t¼ãp‰ lªpY‰ ƒv¨ ýx. Wx‹p‰ WY‰ u£cpxY (y¦rx .........) rƒl {¥Ãx Üt¨Ú.
“~¨ÃÜ uÜp¹ ~ u[Œl£Yp¹ ~ r§l nzp¹
Sx¹ ~z‹zp‰o»p v¨o~ u[{»l ~Ãxp¹”
~‹¹ƒ… »r…,
“»K u£[³{l‰ t¨ãyc£jp‰ {ƒp‰»~ˆ»[‰ o£l®p‰ {ƒp‰»~ˆz£ |£Y³ ~¨Ãë ~»ƒ£‰ny{y¥p‰ »~£»ƒ£x¨ùxp‰ r§l²xp‰ ~ƒ rp‰Ü{y¥p‰ ~v[Œp‰ (r§n Yyp) Yyp àpxx‹”
(p£zì ~¨~‹z£ 268 r‹f§{)
»K |Œz£ z‹r‹x {~y »nnƒ~ˆ rp‰~‹xxY‰ rvj ~ˆm«rxY‰ R¥lª…l ~¨yY‰}‹l{ Üt¨Ú. Wv ë~£ WƒŒ R£´ Yl¯{y¥p‰ Yyp ý~ˆlyx R»|£‰Y yclªv£»[‰ ý~ˆlyxf {h£ ë{¥y´ ýx x¨lªx. R»pY‰ Rlf R»|£‰Y»[‰ z‹r‹x ~l³ t{ lƒ{§y¥ »Y»M. |Œz£ z‹r‹x Rp¨{ »vv ~ˆm«rx tq{£ R¥l‰»l‰ t¨ãp‰ {ƒp‰»~ˆf ~vY£zšp{ ý~¬ |£Y³ Yªz»xˆ ÐÝp‰x. S܃£~ [²p‰m ƒ¥v WYYv ~qƒp‰ |£Y³{y¥ {Mlv£p »p‰r£z»xˆ ý~¬ t¨ãp‰ {ƒp‰»~ˆ»[‰ ÐÝp‰x. Wv ë~£ |£Y³ Yªz»xˆ ~‹nŠo£Mm »[°lv»[‰ ÐÝp‰ {p ~»ƒ£‰ny, ~»ƒ£‰nùxp‰, [ªy¥{y¥p‰, ïùp‰â{y¥ R£µ WYlª{ »K ~ˆm«rx t¥q{« l¥p »Y£l¥pn Wl¥p ëxl {|»xp‰v |£Y³»x£‰ {£~x Y… Yr‹z{~ˆlª{x‹. r‹rˆry{£ ~ˆm«rx R{f r±»nŠ|»xp‰ l{ l{l‰ »t°nŠo ~ˆv£yY ƒv¨ ýx. ~ˆm«rx »ry ~¦ä t{ Ãx ƒ¥Ã ~¹]£{£~xY pft¨p‰ ~ˆm«rxf Ulªùp‰ ƒv¨ ýx. WƒŒ pft¨p‰ Rly v¥Ñ ~šz‰ ÃŒrxY‰ Üt¨Ú. A{£»xˆ t²£ƒ‰ò RY‰}y{z‹p‰ z‹x¬ »z‰Zp ƒv¨ ýx. A{£ Rly 1. BK »nŠ{r§l² ýƒ£»M Yr‹z{~ˆlª uŒY‰}§ ~¹]~ˆ~”, 2. “vƒ Yr‹z{~ˆlª uŒY‰}§ ~¹]~ˆ~” xp |Œz£ »z‰Zp Ãx{£ R¥l. (p£z‹ì ~¨~‹z£ . 270 r‹f§{)
»vv z‹r‹ »n»Y‰v ‘Yr‹z{~ˆlª’ pK p[yxY‰ ~fƒp‰ Yy R¥l. »vÄ Yr‹z{~ˆlª{ r‹rˆry{£ ~ˆm«r»xˆ ~qƒp‰ |£Y³{y¥p‰ ý~¬ p[yxx‹. »K Rp¨{ »t°nŠo »z‰Zp ~ƒ |Œz£ z‹r‹ lªzp£l‰vY{ ý[²ƒ Y… ýf {Mlv£p »p‰r£z»xˆ Sp‰µx »nŠ|~šv£{ R~z RÝl Yr‹z{~ˆlª{ r‹ƒŒÑ t{ ë[vpx Y… ƒ¥Ãx. r‹rˆry{£ ~ˆm«r»xˆ o£lª Yyk©{ ò.r«. 6-5 ~‹x{~ˆ{zf Rxl‰ r«M{ R»|£‰Y x¨[»xˆ |Œz£ z‹r‹xÃ. Wv |Œz£ »z‰Zpx lyK r¥ƒ¥´z‹{ t¨ãp‰»[‰ »W܃£~‹Y t{ ~p£m Yyp »{pl‰ r±»nŠ|{z‹p‰ |Œz£ z‹r‹ ƒv¨ þ p¥l. S܃£~ [²p‰m ~fƒp‰ »ƒ£‰ cpr±{£n p¥l. Wv ë~£ z¹Y£»N ~‹nŠo£Mm »[°lv Url zn t{ Äv |£~ˆÝ²x R[xY‰ p¥Ü ƒ¨»nY‰ {ap »rˆ…‹xÃ.
2. t¨nŠo[x£{
t¨ãp‰ {ƒp‰»~ˆ t¨nŠol‰{xf rl‰ {« ~ˆm£px r‹…‹tq oKvaY‰Yr{l‰{p ~¬l²x, Rùxrù»xˆ~p ~¬l²x (vF¿év ëY£x), vƒ£ ~DaY ~¬l²x (vF¿év ëY£x) R£µ ~¬l²{z ý~ˆly Yy R¥l. Wv ~ˆm£px [x£»N R¥~lª {¯Y‰}x (Qv£ »t£‰éx) R~zµ t{ ~¦v ý~ˆlyxYv »r£ã»N ~fƒp‰ Yy R¥l. »vv [x£{f ~v£p r±»nŠ|xY‰ Sp‰´x£»N M r±£p‰l»xˆ [x£ p[y»xp‰ Ã.ò. 11Y‰ rvj nYªÚp‰ r‹ƒŒf£ R¥l. Wv p[yx ‘[x£’ p[yxx‹. »vx RÝl t¨nŠo[x£{n? »K R~z‹p‰ Wz‰`ª (»p‰y¹cp£) p´x [z£ xx‹. A R~z “U»Mz‰’ pK [vÃ. t¨ãp‰ {ƒp‰»~ˆ t¨nŠol‰{»xp‰ r~¨ cÑz nvpx ~qƒ£ {¥hv Y… Uy¥»{z‰ npN{ ƒ£ {l‰vp‰ ‘U»Mz‰’ [²£vx WYY‰ þn? »v»z~ ‘[x£’ ~ƒ ‘U»Mz‰’ [²£v p£v R¥~¨ùp‰ RÝl [x£{ ƒ¼ãp£ [¥ìvf S`ŒxY‰ A R~z r‹ƒŒÑ ‘u£y¥p‰’ pK ~ˆm£p»xˆ ~ˆm«rxY‰ R~z |Œz£ z‹r‹xY‰ àxY ýx. Wv |Œz£ »z‰Zp»xˆ ‘t¨ãp‰ {ƒp‰»~ˆ t¨ã {« l¥p R»|£‰Y yc§ [z‰ {¥fY‰ ƒ£ ƒ~ˆÞ ~ˆlKuxY‰ ~‹f§{£ R¥Ü t{“ ~qƒp‰x. »vv [x£ r±»nŠ|xf ò.{. 1234µ r¥ñÚ ÜJtÝx {p‰np£Yy¥{Yª {« oMv~ˆ{£òlªv£»[‰ {£Ml£{Y‰ Rp¨{ l®Mà ƒv¨à{ »K r±»nŠ|x ýp£| Yy Üt¨Ú. pv¨l‰ Wl¥p t¨nŠo[x£{ »z~f ƒ¼ãp‰{£ R¥l. A {p ýfl‰ Rr±Yf{ uŒY‰}«p‰ {ƒp‰»~ˆz£ ƒly pvY‰ {¥h {£~x Yy R¥l. ò.{. 1811 t¨{»pl‰ ƒ¥ñz‰fp‰ pv¥l‰lYª »vv [x£ p[yx lª… Üt¬ ~¨r±Yf cx |²› »t£‰éx ƒ£ Wv pft¨p‰ rúY‰}£ Yy R¥l. ò.{. 1880 µ ~¹yY‰}j Yfx¨lª R£yKu Yyp zµ. »cpy£z‰ Y빃¥K ~ƒ y£»Fp‰æ z£z‰ ñl² »K Yfx¨lª »v»ƒxþx. Wýf Wv Y¥ÛK u®ñ»xˆ S´ÃúK ƒ£ Q vƒ£ »t£‰éx r‹…‹tq ý~ˆly ò.{. 7 ~‹x{~ WƒŒ r¥ñÚ Èp {p‰np£Y£y ƒŒx¨¹ - ~£¹»[‰ {£Ml£{f r§ãv ~ƒ[l »z~ ~v£px. ƒŒx¨¹-~£¹ t¨nŠo[x£{ »z~ {p‰np£ Y… ~ˆm£px ƒ£ [x£{ WYv l¥pY‰ t{ ý|‰{~ìx »z~ lƒ{§y¥ ýx. (p£zì ~¨~‹z£-111 r‹f§{) WƒŒ ýƒ£y »[xf p¨ãy¥ Q vƒ£ »t£‰éx ò.{ 1870 »lY‰ ëy¥rçl{ Üð R¥l. pv¨l‰ r±Ü~¹~ˆYyj{zµ Wx S´ù {¥Ò ýp£| ýx. pv¨l‰ ~¨¹[ x¨[»xˆ S´ Y… [z‰ [y£´ {¥f W»z~v r{Ý. Wv [z‰ [y£´ {¥f ~ƒŒl Q vƒ£ »t£‰éxf ~v£p Y¥fxvY‰ ~£¹Ç ~ˆm«r»xˆ n R¥l. »vx t¨nŠo[x£{ »z~ lƒ{§y¥ Yyp ~£oY Rly z¹Y£»N »K]{Mj£ux yc§ S´ Y… ý|²£v |£z£{Y‰ r‹…‹tq |Œz£ z‹r‹x ~ƒ vƒ£ ýƒ£y»xˆ ý~¬ vƒ£{¹|x [²p‰m£y¦i Y… vƒ£p£v pK uŒY‰}§{»[‰ |Œz£ z‹r‹x n {¥n[l‰x.
3. ~£y£p£l‰
Sp‰´x£»N p¬lp tyj¥~ˆ ~‹f Ã.ò. 6.4 Ulªùp‰ r‹ƒŒÑ »t°nŠo p}ˆg£{»|‰}{z‹p‰ r‹ú [Œx ~ˆm£pxY‰ ƒv¨ ýx. ò.{. 1794 µ tyj¥~ yc§ {« »{l‰l~‹¹ƒ»[‰ »z‰YK {« c[l‰ ~‹¹ oMvy£ËY ~ˆm«rx »[£hp¥[Œz‹ æ{³ zt£ [¥ìvf ýp£| Yy R¥l. »vx‹p‰ SÜù {« r§y£{~ˆlª YMpz‰ v¥Y¹~‹ Yz‰Yf£ »Y°lªY£[£y»xˆ l¥p‰rl‰ Yy R¥l. 1836 µ Y빃¥K ~£y£p£l»xˆ Y¥ÚK rfp‰ [l‰»l‰x. pv¨l‰ Wx‹p‰ ý|£z r§y£{~ˆlª ~¹ƒ£yxY‰ ~‹ã ýx. pv¨l‰ ò.{. 1904-1905 Rly Sp‰µx r§y£ýn³£ »nr£Ml»Kp‰lª{ Wp‰.Ö. BM»fz‰ vƒl£ Y¥ÛK ~qƒ£ »xnþx. Xƒ¨ WƒŒ Üð |Œz£ z‹r‹xY‰ ~ƒŒl R»|£‰Y YªûpY‰ »~£x£ [l‰»l‰x. 1915 »lY‰ ~‹ã Y… Y¥ÛK{z‹p‰ {¥n[l‰ |Œz£ »z‰Zp [jp£{Y‰ ƒv¨ ýx. A{£ Rlªùp‰ o»vY ~ˆm«rxf p¥»[pƒŒùp‰ r‹ƒŒÑ z‹r‹xY‰ »v»~ˆx.
“R}ˆv~£ƒ~²‹Y£ rÐ. r£yñl£ pK [²p‰m»xˆ r±Ü z‹r‹xY‰ oMvaY² r±{Mmp vƒ£ ýƒ£y»xˆ {¥h {£~x Yyp uŒY‰}«p‰ {ƒp‰»~ˆz£f vƒ£x£p uŒY‰}«p‰ {ƒp‰»~ˆz£ ý~‹p‰ r«c£ Yyp zµ”
(p£zì ~¨~‹z£, 65-67 r‹f§)
»vv ~ˆm£px ƒŒx¨¹-~£¹ ~ƒ ‡£ƒŒxp‰»[‰ {£Ml£{z‹p‰ n t¨ãp‰ {ƒp‰»~ˆ»[‰ r±mv oMv »nŠ|px r¥{¥l‰{« ~ˆm£px r‹…‹tq ý~ˆly{zf ~r§y£ ~v£px. t¨ãp‰ {ƒp‰»~ˆ Wl¥pµ »nŠ|p£ Y»…‰ oKvaY‰Yr{l‰{p ~¬l²xx‹. »K ~¬l²»xˆ pñp‰ Wv ýƒ£yx r~¨Y»zY ƒ¼ãp‰{£ R¥l. Wl¥p R¥Ü |Œz£ »z‰Z»xˆ “oMv aY² r±{Mmp vƒ£ ýƒ£yx” »z~ ƒ¼ãp‰{£ R¥l‰»l‰ RÝl ñ[à»[x t{ Sl£ r¥ƒ¥´z‹x. ñ[à»[x oKvaY‰Yr{l‰{p ~¬l²x »nŠ|p£ Ãúv ë~£ Wv pñp‰ r~¨ Y»zY ƒ¼ãp‰{£ R¥l.
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  1. මෙම ලුම්බිණි සෙල්ලිපියේ ශාක්‍යමුණි කියා වචනයක් නැත. එහි ඇත්තේ සකයමුනිති යන වචනයයි. ඉංග්රීසි ජාතික Alaxnder Cunnigham කියවූ ආකාරයට සෙල්ලිපි කියවා ගැනීම අවශ්ය නැත.. Cunningham සෙල්ලිපි වරදවා කියවා තිබේ. ශාක්‍යමුණි වචනය බුදුන් පිරිනිවී වසර 218 කාලයේ භාවිතා කල වචනයක් නොවේ. පසු කාලීනව භාෂාව විකාශනයත් සමග ආ වචනයකි. බුදුන් කාලයේ ලියවුනු කිසිම සෙල්ලිපියක් ඉන්දියාවේ නැත. සෙල්ලිපියක ඇති භාෂාවෙන් එය කුමන යුගයේ ලිය ඇත්දැයි සොයා ගත හැක. එමෙන්ම කාබන් පරීක්ෂනයකින්ද කල හැක. මොහෙන්දෝ ජාරෝ හරප්පා වලින් පසු ඉන්දියාවේ ලේඛන හමුවන්නේ අසෝක ( දෙවන පියන පියදසින ) යුගයේය. මොහෙන්දො ජාරෝ ලේකන වලද ඇත්තේ අකුරු නොවේ.සංකේතය.අසෝක සෙල්ලිපි වල ඇති අකුරු ඊට සියවස් කීපයකට පෙර ලංකාව භවිතා කර ඇති බව පුරාවිද්‍යාඥ දැරණියගල මහතා මෙන්ම ලෝකයේ අනෙක් පුරාවිද්‍යාඥයන්ද තහවුරු කර තිබේ. ඉන්දියාවේ දැනට කි.පු.2 සියවසට පෙර ඉදිවූන වෙහෙර විහාර සොයා නැත.

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